中马燕窝博士有话说,燕种和燕窝的关系

今天很高兴邀请到中马两位世界级的楼上燕窝专家,李茂安博士和蒋林博士就“金丝燕物种决定楼上燕窝质量”这一话题进行深入对话,以下是部分精彩内容—

 

李茂安博士:沙捞越博物馆动物学家,沙捞越大学讲师,马来西亚中央政府顾问,世界楼上燕窝基因库创建者,南洋著名动植物学家,全球楼上燕窝研究论文发表最多者,哥曼洞保护区首席科学家。

蒋林博士:世界級研究燕窩专家,中国科学院理学硕士,广州中医药大学中药学博士,中山大学医学博士后。《解开楼上燕窝密码》第一主编。


蒋博士:请李博士解释一下马来西亚西部,沙捞越和沙巴燕屋楼上燕窝品质不同的原因?

 

楼上楼上燕窝
楼上楼上燕窝

主要燕种

 

李博士:马来西亚西部(马来半岛)与东部(沙捞越和沙巴)燕屋所产楼上燕窝品质不同楼上燕窝质量差异是由金丝燕的种类所决定的。
除了天气干燥和金丝燕的换羽季节(每年从五月到十月),昆虫食品少,屋燕生产的巢较小而薄,羽毛也较多。否则,金丝燕的种类将决定楼上燕窝的质量。
爪哇金丝燕,产于马来西亚半岛西海岸的槟城到马六甲,通常燕巢薄。
在马来西亚半岛东海岸,其楼上燕窝较厚,品质较好。当地种是戈氏金丝燕。



楼上楼上燕窝

砂捞越和沙巴,戈氏金丝燕是主要的燕种,其燕屋的楼上燕窝更厚和品质优。而在砂拉越西南地区Lundu和Sematan的爪哇种楼上燕窝薄,质量较差。


楼上楼上燕窝
 


沙巴山打根燕屋,是Aerodramus inexpectatus perplexus燕种,楼上燕窝的质量最好。

这就是不同产地楼上燕窝质量不同的原因。

中国马来西亚两位博士楼上燕窝质量的对话原文:
 Dr. JIANG LIN:Please describe the different reasons for their quality of house nests in West Malaysia, Sarawak and Sabah.

Dr. LEH MOI UNG:The different quality of house nests is due to the species of swiftlets living in the house.
Except for dry weather and the moulting season of the swiftlets from May to October every year, when there is less insect food, the nests produced in the house is smaller, thinner and have much more feathers.
Otherwise the species of swiftlets will determine the quality of the nest produced.
Aereodramus fuciphagus fuciphagus found in the west coast of Peninsula Malaysia, from Penang to Malacca will generally produce thin nests.
On the east coast of Peninsula Malaysia, Kelantan, Trengganu, Johor, the nests are thicker and better. This is a breed of germani species.
In Sarawak and Sabah, the house species is mainly germani and the nests of the bird houses are thicker and of good quality. But those nests from Lundu and Sematan in south west Sarawak are of fuciphagus species and the nests are thin and poorer quality.
Your house in Sandakan, the species is Aerodramus inexpectatus perplexus and the nest produced is of the best quality from houses.
So that is the reason for different quality from different locations.

注:
爪哇金丝燕Aereodramus fuciphagus
戈氏金丝燕Aerodramus germani

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楼上楼上燕窝


最后,蒋博士补充说明: 楼上燕窝的品质与金丝燕的物种有关,马来西亚半岛东海岸与越南会安为戈氏金丝燕种,马来西亚半岛西海岸与苏门答腊燕种都是爪哇金丝燕,而东马与中南半岛东海岸属同一燕种。东南亚气候条件属热带季风气候和热带雨林气候,不影响金丝燕捕食昆虫的生长发育。


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